Green construction and sustainable construction share similar goals but differ in their scope. Green construction primarily focuses on minimizing negative environmental impacts through eco-friendly practices and technologies, emphasizing energy efficiency, renewable energy, water conservation, waste reduction, and sustainable materials. It adopts innovative strategies and certifications to achieve these objectives.
On the other hand, sustainable construction takes a broader perspective by considering environmental, social, and economic factors. It aims to create buildings and infrastructure that meet present needs without compromising future generations' ability to meet their own needs. Sustainable construction emphasizes social equity, community well-being, economic viability, and long-term resilience, in addition to environmental responsibility.