Model engine project 6: Piston
Model, program toolpaths, and machine a piston.
Using the model and engineering drawings provided, set up and program toolpaths for the piston.
A customer has asked your company to redesign a model engine assembly and to machine a prototype. They have provided engineering drawings of the original piston. This project requires you to model and redesign the piston while maintaining the standard bore, rod location, and internal engine clearances. Use the engineering drawing as a reference for the bore diameter, rod location, and overall dimensions of the part. Consider various stock sizes and shapes to incorporate your unique design and consider any changes to the dome of the piston should be accounted for in the design of the cylinder head component as well.
The company also asked you to prototype the piston. They have provided engineering drawings of the original part as well as a CAD model of the piston. This project requires you to set-up and program toolpaths for the piston provided. Begin with the supplied engineering drawing and CAD model. Use the engineering drawing as a reference to plan tools required and work out any work holding requirements. Consider various stock sizes and shapes and think about the number of operations required to machine the part. Sample process plans, setup sheets, cutting data, and inspection reports are provided but use your judgment, the tools, and machines you have available, and your knowledge to complete the project.
Teaching this project to students in the classroom?
Use this instructor guide to incorporate this and our other model engine projects into your lesson plans. You'll understand how to use CAD and CAM workflows to combine this and other projects into a model engine assembly. Then, machine the model engine using standard stock sizes.
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Need to teach the skills covered this project?
Send your students to our Introduction to CAD, CAM, and Practical CNC Machining for Milling self-guided course. They can learn at their own pace, track their own progress, and earn a certificate of completion when they get 75% or more on the final test.