UV-Net: Learning from Boundary Representations

IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)
2021

Boundary representation format used to show curves and surfaces in model geometry

Abstract

We introduce UV-Net, a novel neural network architecture and representation designed to operate directly on boundary representation (B-rep) data from 3D CAD models. The B-rep format is widely used in the design, simulation, and manufacturing industries to enable sophisticated and precise CAD modeling operations. However, B-rep data presents some unique challenges when used with modern machine learning due to the complexity of the data structure and its support for both continuous non-Euclidean geometric entities and discrete topological entities. In this paper, we propose a unified representation for B-rep data that exploits the U and V parameter domain of curves and surfaces to model geometry, and an adjacency graph to explicitly model topology. This leads to a unique and efficient network architecture, UV-Net, that couples image and graph convolutional neural networks in a compute and memory-efficient manner. To aid in future research we present a synthetic labelled B-rep dataset, Solid Letters, derived from human designed fonts with variations in both geometry and topology. Finally, we demonstrate that UV-Net can generalize to supervised and unsupervised tasks on five datasets, while outperforming alternate 3D shape representations such as point clouds, voxels, and meshes.

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