Simulating Use Scenarios in Hospitals using Multi-Agent Narratives

Davide Schaumann, Simon Breslav, Rhys Goldstein, Azam Khan, Yehuda E. Kalay

Journal of Building Performance Simulation
2017

Abstract

Anticipating building-related complexities ensuing from occupants' behaviour is a major challenge in architectural design. Conventional building performance simulation tools model occupancy in a highly aggregated form, abstracting away the impact of dynamic spatial and social factors on occupant behaviour. To address this issue, we propose a multi-agent system that accounts for these aspects in process-driven facilities, such as hospitals. The approach involves modelling 'narratives', rule-based scripts that direct occupants' movement and shared activities. A scheduling mechanism employs Operations Research techniques to dynamically coordinate the narratives' execution. We demonstrate the method by simulating day-to-day operations in a typical hospital setting, involving scheduled procedures and unscheduled adaptations due to dynamic social and environmental conditions. The process involved collecting data using field observations and interviews with experts, modelling narratives, and simulating them to produce use scenarios that can be visualized and analysed by designstakeholders.

LINK

Watch video (0:37 min.)

Related Publications

Loading...

Related Projects

  • Building Simulation

    Buildings are the largest consumers of energy responsible for 48% of all Green House Gas (GHG) emissions. Due to the complexity and multidisciplinary aspects of architectural design, construction, urban design, and building occupant behavior, simulation has gained attention as a means of addressing this enormous challenge. The idea is to model a building’s many interacting subsystems, including its occupants, electrical equipment, and indoor and outdoor climate. With simulation results in hand, an architect is better able to predict the energy demand associated with various designs, and choose from among the more sustainable options.

Welcome ${RESELLERNAME} Customers

Please opt-in to receive reseller support

I agree that Autodesk may share my name and email address with ${RESELLERNAME} so that ${RESELLERNAME} may provide installation support and send me marketing communications.  I understand that the Reseller will be the party responsible for how this data will be used and managed.

Email is required Entered email is invalid.

${RESELLERNAME}